Thursday, July 17, 2008
Grechenig and Gelter compare Law and Economics in Germany and the United States
The Transatlantic Divergence in Legal Thought: American Law and Economics vs. German Doctrinalism is a new article by Kristoffel R. Grechenig, University of St. Gallen Department of Law and Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration, and Martin Gelter, Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration and Harvard Law School European Corporate Governance Institute. It appears in the Hastings International and Comparative Law Review (2008). Here's the abstract: Economic analysis plays a major role in the American legal discourse, while its position in the German-speaking legal debate remains comparatively limited. In Germany and Austria, a widespread aversion against law and economics can be observed among legal scholars. This article advances an explanation for this divergence on the basis of two main factors: First, American legal realism enjoyed great success, whereas the German free-law movement failed to leave a lasting impression. While legal realism transformed American legal thought and opened up the discourse to policy arguments, the predominant German legal theory emphasizes the internal coherence of the legal system, and assigns only a limited role to external elements. Second, the different philosophical roots and attitude towards and utilitarianism and consequentionalist thinking in general can explain why law and economics takes a prominent position in the US legal academia.