Tuesday, February 10, 2015

New Release: Callan on Heresy Trials in Medieval Ireland

New from Cornell University Press: The Templars, the Witch, and the Wild Irish: Vengeance and Heresy in Medieval Ireland (Dec. 2014), by Maeve Brigid Callan (Simpson College). A description from the Press:
The Templars, the Witch, and the Wild Irish, Maeve Brigid Callan analyzes Ireland's medieval heresy trials, which all occurred in the volatile fourteenth century. These include the celebrated case of Alice Kyteler and her associates, prosecuted by Richard de Ledrede, bishop of Ossory, in 1324. This trial marks the dawn of the “devil-worshipping witch” in European prosecutions, with Ireland an unexpected birthplace.
Early medieval Ireland is remembered as the "Land of Saints and Scholars," due to the distinctive devotion to Christian faith and learning that permeated its culture. As early as the seventh century, however, questions were raised about Irish orthodoxy, primarily concerning Easter observances. Yet heresy trials did not occur in Ireland until significantly later, long after allegations of Irish apostasy from Christianity had sanctioned the English invasion of Ireland. In
Callan divides Ireland’s heresy trials into three categories. In the first stand those of the Templars and Philip de Braybrook, whose trial derived from the Templars’, brought by their inquisitor against an old rival. Ledrede’s prosecutions, against Kyteler and other prominent Anglo-Irish colonists, constitute the second category. The trials of native Irishmen who fell victim to the sort of propaganda that justified the twelfth-century invasion and subsequent colonization of Ireland make up the third. Callan contends that Ireland’s trials resulted more from feuds than doctrinal deviance and reveal the range of relations between the English, the Irish, and the Anglo-Irish, and the church’s role in these relations; tensions within ecclesiastical hierarchy and between secular and spiritual authority; Ireland’s position within its broader European context; and political, cultural, ethnic, and gender concerns in the colony.
A few blurbs:
"The Templars, the Witch, and the Wild Irish is a brilliant and accessible case study of witchcraft and heresy, based on Celtic sources. Exploring the competing forces of gender, politics, colonialism, religion and theology in a unique and limited period in Irish cultural history, this book also offers distinctive insights into our understanding of the factors involved in contemporary violence carried out under religious and/or political auspices."—Mary Condren

"In The Templars, the Witch, and the Wild Irish, Maeve Brigid Callan presents in detail material important for understanding both fourteen-century Ireland and the development of witchcraft trials in western Europe. She looks at the subject as a whole, showing the relationship between the various accusations of heresy and witchcraft during the first half of the fourteenth century and putting these events into their wider context."—Helen Nicholson
More information, including an excerpt, is available here

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