This paper, written for a conference of the Society for Economic Research on Copyright Issues, explores the history of copyright protection for musical compositions. The first modern copyright law did not cover musical works. The role of Johann Christian Bach, Ludwig van Beethoven, and Johann Neopmuk Hummel in securing legal changes is traced. How Giuseppe Verdi exploited the new copyright law in Northern Italy is analyzed. The paper argues that Verdi, enriched by copyright protection, reduced his compositional effort along a backward-bending supply curve. However, his good fortune may have had a demonstration effect inducing other talented individuals to become composers. An attempt to determine the impact of legal changes on entry into composing is inconclusive. The paper shows, however, that a golden age of musical composition nevertheless occurred in nations that lacked copyright protection for musical works.Image credits: Verdi, Backward Bending Supply Curve.
Saturday, February 14, 2009
Scherer on the Emergence of Musical Copyright
Frederic M. Scherer, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, has posted The Emergence of Musical Copyright in Europe from 1709 to 1850, which also appears in the Review of Economic Research on Copyright Issues 5 (2008): 3-18. Here is the abstract: