Saturday, January 20, 2007

Meyer on Mercy and the Court Martial

Military Mercy, Linda Ross Meyer's (Quinnipiac) thoughtful new paper on clemency in courts martial, has its sights on contemporary analysis, but uses historical examples from Vietnam along the way. The paper will be of interest to anyone writing about the history of military justice. Here's the abstract:
This paper examines the clemency process in military courts martial. Unlike civilian courts, defendants in a military trial can seek sentencing relief before, during, or after the trial process, and for the official post-trial review, they are guaranteed assistance of counsel in presenting their case for clemency. Statistics for military sentencing and clemency are not available, however, anecdotal evidence from public sources suggests that sentencing is often lenient and clemency is exercised frequently. The paper argues that the opportunities for clemency are less troubling in soldier vs. soldier cases, for the clemency-givers are at risk from the defendant in the future, and clemency often creates and strengthens bonds of loyalty and trust necessary for teamwork. More troubling are the lenient sentences in war-related crimes, where the victims are outsiders to the military. Yet even here, clemency may be a recognition of the moral sacrifices and ambiguities combat requires. Where a defendant's crime seems not to be an outgrowth of the exigencies of military service, but a settled feature of a defendant's character, sentencing in war-related crimes is not so lenient.