Wednesday, May 16, 2018

Duranti on the Conservative Human Rights Revolution

Marco Duranti, University of Sydney, published The Conservative Human Rights Revolution with Oxford University Press in 2017. From the publisher:
Cover for 

The Conservative Human Rights Revolution

The European Court of Human Rights has long held unparalleled sway over questions of human rights violations across continental Europe, Britain, and beyond. Both its supporters and detractors accept the common view that the European human rights system was originally devised as a means of containing communism and fascism after World War II.
In The Conservative Human Rights Revolution, Marco Duranti radically reinterprets the origins of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), arguing that conservatives conceived of the treaty not only as a Cold War measure, but also as a vehicle for pursuing a controversial domestic political agenda on either side of the Channel. Just as the Supreme Court of the United States had sought to overturn Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal, a European Court of Human Rights was meant to constrain the ability of democratically elected governments to implement left-wing policies that British and French conservatives believed violated their basic liberties. Conservative human rights rhetoric, Duranti argues, evoked a romantic Christian vision of Europe. Rather than follow the model of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, conservatives such as Winston Churchill grounded their appeals for new human rights safeguards in the values of a bygone European civilization. All told, these efforts served as a basis for reconciliation between Germans and the "West," the exclusion of communists from the European project, and the denial of equal protection to colonized peoples. Illuminating the history of internationalism and international law, and elucidating Churchill's Europeanism and critical contribution to the genesis of the ECHR, this book revisits the ethical foundations of European integration across the first half of the twentieth century and offers a new perspective on the crisis in which the European Union finds itself today.
Praise for the book:

"Human rights history at its best. Duranti's well-written analysis of twentieth-century European internationalism is of lasting value. The insights into Euroskepticism that he provides could not be more timely. Necessary reading." -Lora Wildenthal

"Marco Duranti's enthralling and meditative study of the origins of the European Convention on Human Rights is not merely a lesson in historical imagination, restoring Winston Churchill's role as the project's prime mover and detailing the importance of a fateful alliance of religious conservatives and free-market defenders in its origins. For The Conservative Human Rights Revolution appears at a moment when it is even more instructive and ironic, with the Tories Duranti shows were instrumental in the beginning in full revolt against their own creation. Students of the past and observers of the present will welcome Duranti's own creation with gratitude." -Samuel Moyn

"Required reading for anyone interested in the ideological foundations of the European Union." -Stefan-Ludwig Hoffmann

"In this masterful--and timely--book, Marco Duranti plunges deep into rarely used archives to tell us the conservative origins of the European Convention on Human Rights. A magisterial and innovative piece of history that reshapes our understanding of human rights." -Patrick Weil

Further information is available here.